Whatsapp +91 77788 84452 Email

Hormonal Contraception

Hormonal Contraception

Hormonal ways to prevent pregnancy can be of two types

  • Oral contraceptive pills
  • Non oral hormonal contraception: Includes Hormone releasing Intrauterine device, injectable contraceptives, Contraceptive Implants, Transdermal hormonal patch , Hormonal contraceptive vaginal ring .

Oral contraceptives

Can be of two types

  • Combined pills (estrogen and progesterone combined pills)
  • Progestogen only pills

Why Oral contraceptive pills(OCPs)?

OCP is a widely accepted and most effective method of fertility control.

Advantages benefits of Pills include
  • Minimum failure rate of 0.1% to 1.8%
  • Prevents pregnancy effectively
  • Period cycle regularization
  • Cure of many menstrual disorders
  • Protection against Uterine cancer and Ovarian cancer
  • Protection against Benign breast disease like fibrocystic changes , fibroadenoma
  • Protection against acne , hirsutism
  • Treatment for functional Ovarian cysts/ Follicular cyst
  • Treatment of Premenstrual Syndrome
  • As a treatment of Endometriosis/ Adenomyosis
  • Reduces painful cramps and heavy blood flow is reduced as well!!
  • Does not interfere in sexual life
  • DOES NOT AFFECT FUTURE FERTILITY! You can get pregnant right after stopping the medicines.!!

Which OCP is best suitable for you ?

  • In non lactating women , young females → fourth generation lower dose oral contraceptive pills are helpful.
  • If you are a patient of PCOS and does not want pregnancy then OCP containing Drospirenone and ethinyl estradiol helps better in preventing acne and hirsutism
  • In Lactating mother → Progestin only pills should be given.e.d Dronis -P

How Pills should be consumed?

Newer generation low dose pills come in a pack of 21 tablets like shown below.

  • One tablet is to be taken starting between day 1 to 4 of the menstrual cycle and continued daily for 21 days everyday before sleeping at bed time.
  • The medicine should be stopped after finishing the first pack of 21 tablets, usually menstrual blood flow occurs between 2-4 days of stoppage of medicine.
  • The next pack should be started after 7 days of stopping the previous pill. Or from the 3rd day of the next cycle.
  • The pill free period allows menstrual blood flow.
  • Do not miss the dose orelse irregular bleeding or conception may occur.

What are the common side effects?

  • Nausea, vomiting, loss of appetite
  • Breakthrough bleeding
  • Reduced blood flow during menses
  • Vaginal discharge

Am I eligible ?? Who should avoid OCP?

  • Patients with age>40 years
  • With other conditions like High blood pressure, Diabetes, Thyroid Disease
  • Women with history of Deep Vein thrombosis
  • Women with Liver disease, Gallbladder disease
  • Women with migraine
For personalized touch and to know which is the best OCP for you meet our team of best gynecologists in ahmedabad. Your safety is our motto.